1 watch actual coin news with cryptomarket mood rating.

Sell-Off Over? Bitcoin's RSI Just Hit Its Lowest Level Since 2016

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

An indicator meant to measure the rate at which an asset is being bought or sold may foretell a future bump for the price of bitcoin.

Op Ed: Scaling Capital Market Adoption of Blockchain Technology With SHA-3

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

op ed sha 3

The shift has already started; finance is moving onto the blockchain, leveraging the decentralization and disintermediation benefits of the technology’s architecture.

Assets of all kinds are being moved to the blockchain, creating a more efficient and economical system for the transfer of value, and management of fractional ownership. This migration isn’t just disrupting the existing financial system, it’s democratizing access to growth capital across the world.

Today, security for much of the blockchain community relies on an outdated hash algorithm standard (SHA-2), one not best suited to the needs of the demanding financial markets. Existing chains will eventually need to upgrade to what our team has determined to be the best-in-class cryptographic hash function, SHA-3, but new blockchains should implement it now.

These are the very early days of putting securities on the blockchain. As leaders in crypto-securities and blockchain technologies for the capital markets, we must be thoughtful about how we facilitate this transfer of assets; we must ensure that we operate in such a way that lays the groundwork for long-term security and sets a standard for industry best practices. Implementing the best-in-class cryptographic hash function, Secure Hash Algorithm-3 (SHA-3), serves this mission.

The Hash Function

Blockchain technology is disrupting the data management industry. Peer-to-peer networks have promoted the use of cryptography, creating a growing demand in data security and transparency solutions.

A cryptographic hash function is an algorithm that employs mathematics to create a unique digital fingerprint of alphanumeric characters of a fixed size, given an input document of unknown size. This makes the task of comparing the authenticity of a document with an original very simple: Instead of having to read both documents in detail, we can simply compare the much smaller digital fingerprint produced by the hash function.

In peer-to-peer networks, hash functions help secure transaction data by generating a unique digital fingerprint for each transaction. Transaction hashes are organized into a Merkle tree (a.k.a. a hash tree) to help validate the authenticity and relationship of each transaction stored on the blockchain.

The SHA-3 hash function is also used at the block level to generate a proof-of-work challenge that becomes the target for miners seeking to create the next block on the blockchain. This challenge is an important part of how the network maintains its integrity and reaches a decentralized consensus. Cryptocurrency is awarded to the miner that successfully calculates a SHA-3 hash that matches the requirements specified in the proof-of-work challenge.

While blockchain technology is the clear way forward for industry early adopters, within traditional finance there remain concerns about corporate and enterprise application. Serving these needs, and thus bringing the blockchain solution to the mainstream, will depend on how blockchains are architected to protect client data from network interference or manipulation. As a significant component of the architecture, the right hash function can determine enterprise-level operability.

Securing the Capital Markets With SHA-3

As a hash standard providing certified security over users’ private keys as well as high speed, hardware-based encryption, SHA-3 best suits the needs of tomorrow’s capital markets. SHA-3 has the right characteristics to instill confidence in a peer-to-peer network that does not rely on centralized intermediaries for authority or governance.

Unlike the hash function of Bitcoin and other blockchains based on SHA 256, SHA-3 was developed by community collaboration via the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), forcing different perspectives and issues to be addressed. This meant that the hash function had to endure public scrutiny and exhaustive testing in order to be considered the hashing standard, which it hs now become. In 2015, NIST released SHA-3 as its standard for “securing the integrity of electronic information.”

A subset of Keccak, SHA-3 cryptography is built on sponge construction, a particular method of “absorbing” data in and then “squeezing” it out. Unlike other cryptographic hash functions, sponge construction allows for the input and output of any amount of data, extending the output function and making for greater flexibility of use.

One outdated concern weighed against SHA-3 is a slower hashing speed than its predecessors. This is fair, but only with regards to software. When it comes to hardware, SHA-3 easily outpaces SHA-1 and SHA-2, and hashing is increasingly occurring within hardware components. The third in a series, SHA-3 is remarkably different from its first and second iterations which share some of the same math and cryptographic structure (MD5).

Building a Better Blockchain

We have the opportunity to take what we’ve learned from today’s most prominent blockchains and create an iteration of the technology that leverages what works and meets our business needs for capital markets.

Building a new, dedicated cryptosecurity blockchain allows for customization and transparency that can better serve the needs of the future. Following the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS), SHA-3 is best suited to industry use with a hashrate “an order of magnitude higher than SHA-2,” as pointed out by the Keccak team.

After our own recent survey of hash algorithm candidates, including Equihash, Cuckoo Cycle and Ethash, we concluded that SHA-3 genuinely best serves the needs of capital markets. The survey looked at method of operation, work independency, ASIC optimization or resistance, difficulty control, algorithms, security and speed. Of the candidates, SHA-3 proved to be best-in-class, providing certified security and establishing trust in a network supporting global securities issuance, trading, and clearing and settlement.

BUIDL > HODL

Still nascent in its expansion, the blockchain industry as a whole is showing signs of maturity.

Continued volatility in the valuation of cryptocurrencies has proven to be too much for people looking for quick crypto profits. Token price does not faze those who “hodl” with a vision to build better tools and networks for a better future. And while volatility has helped to reduce some of the hysteria around cryptocurrency, there is a growing community looking for greater sophistication from industry participants. “Buidl,” a direct homage to “hodl,” is a movement focusing on development over cryptocurrencies. “Buidl” encourages teams to examine how blockchain technology can best support needed societal change versus quick, frivolous application. Thoughtful infrastructure is the way forward.

When it comes to capital markets, it should not be a race to move assets onto the blockchain, but a strategic process that makes it easy for new market participants to access growth capital and for existing participants to leverage the full benefits of distributed ledger technology. Employing the best-in-class cryptographic hash function serves this mission and empowers trust in a trustless system.

This is an opinion piece by Kiarash Narimani, Ph.D., Development Director at Equibit Group. View expressed are his own and do not necessarily reflect those of BTC Inc or Bitcoin Magazine.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

Newsflash: Bitcoin Price Sinks to $6,107 as Sell-Off Continues

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The bitcoin price continued to barrel through support levels on Wednesday, pushing the flagship cryptocurrency within about $100 of its year-to-date low. Bitcoin had entered the day on a downward trajectory, and — to no one’s surprise — continued to shed weight throughout the morning and early afternoon. At approximately 16:22 UTC, that decline became

The post Newsflash: Bitcoin Price Sinks to $6,107 as Sell-Off Continues appeared first on CCN

India's Central Bank Admits to Banning Crypto Accounts Without Research

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

India's Central Bank Admits to Banning Cryptocurrencies Without Research

]In a fresh new twist, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has admitted to issuing its ban on cryptocurrency-related accounts spontaneously, without taking time to study and understand how cryptocurrencies work.

In reply to a Right to Information query filed by a local lawyer with the Twitter handle Blockchainlaw91, the bank revealed that its decision to ban cryptocurrency-related accounts in the country was made without due consultation or study.

How It Started

India's central bank, the Reserve Bank of India, started warning its citizens against the dangers of investing in cryptocurrencies in 2013, which was followed by two other warnings in 2017, before coming down hard on the industry earlier this year.

On April 5, 2018, RBI published an announcement, stating that it was banning the country's banks from dealing with any business or "entities dealing with or settling [virtual currencies]."

RBI Deputy Governor B.P. Kanungo who spoke to reporters said there was a three-month grace period for businesses providing such services to wind down operations.

The bank said the move was motivated by the need to protect Indian customers and prevent money laundering.

In 2017, prior to the ban, the Indian government had formed a committee, which included the RBI, with the aim of studying virtual currencies and how they work.

The committee had suggested banning cryptocurrency exchanges in the country, but the surging price of bitcoin toward the end of the year led to a quick reversal of that position and the creation of a new panel to study cryptocurrencies.

Surprisingly, in its reply to Blockchainlaw91’s query, the Reserve Bank of India revealed that its decision to ban the bank’s activities with crypto-based businesses was not backed up by any independent study or research.

Petitions and Migration

The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) — which includes Indian crypto exchange Zebpay — have filed a writ petition to overturn RBI’s ban which prohibits banks from dealing with crypto-based businesses. The case is currently at the Supreme Court with a hearing date fixed for July 20.

Since the ban on crypto, there have been claims that blockchain businesses could be forced overseas.

Joel John, a research analyst at a U.K.-based blockchain company who spoke with the local media, believes crypto companies can easily migrate to friendlier countries to set up new entities. He said: "Companies moving abroad is not a new trend, but the regulatory complexities faced by blockchain companies have accelerated it."

It is gradually becoming a pattern for governments to make spontaneous decisions on cryptocurrency without first seeking to understand how it works. Russia and Japan have each tried to ban crypto businesses before ultimately softening their stances.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

Stocks slide after the Fed hikes rates

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

jerome powell

Stocks slid Wednesday after the Federal Reserve hiked its benchmark short-term interest rate by a quarter percentage point to a range between 1.75% and 2%. Treasury yields and the dollar rose following the Fed's announcement. 

Here's the scoreboard:

Dow Jones industrial average: 25,203.75 −116.98 (-0.46%)

S&P 500: 2,779.41 −7.44 (-0.27%)

  1. The Federal Reserve raised its target range for the federal funds rate by 25 basis points to 1.75% to 2% and signaled two more hikes are coming this year. US Treasury yields surged following the rate announcement. 
  2. The 2-10-year spread narrowed to its tightest point since 2007. The 2-year and 10-year were just 40 basis points apart minutes after the Federal Reserve announced its decision to hike rates. Here's why that's important and how a negative spread could signal a recession.
  3. Business prices rose at the quickest annual pace in more than six yearsRising gasoline prices pushed the Producer Price Index up 0.5% in May, the Labor Department said, bringing the year-over-year rate to 3.1%. 
  4. Crude oil was up more than 1%. That's ahead of next week's OPEC supply-cut review and after President Donald Trump took aim at the cartel for oil prices he said were "too high."
  5. Chinese telecomms company ZTE is driving a fresh wedge between the White House and Congress. After Trump said he'd lift sanctions against ZTE as part of a $1 billion settlement, a bipartisan group of senators slipped an amendment into a national defense bill set to hit the floor this week. The White House said it will block that, the Wall Street Journal Reports
  6. A new academic paper points to signs that Bitcoin's bull run was bolstered by market manipulation at Bitfinex, allegations the exchange's CEO denies. Bitcoin fell 4.15% versus the dollar following the report. 

And a look at the upcoming economic calendar:

  • The European Central Bank meets.
  • Russian and Saudi Arabian leaders meet to talk global oil production. 
  • Japan delivers its interest rate decision. 
  • British retail sales numbers are out.

SEE ALSO: Droves of Wall Streeters abandon their work during big World Cup games — and 2 teams are far more distracting than the others

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Sneaky ways Costco gets you to buy more

Stocks slide after the Fed hikes rates

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

jerome powell

Stocks slid Wednesday after the Federal Reserve hiked its benchmark short-term interest rate by a quarter percentage point to a range between 1.75% and 2%. Treasury yields and the dollar rose following the Fed's announcement. 

Here's the scoreboard:

Dow Jones industrial average: 25,203.75 −116.98 (-0.46%)

S&P 500: 2,779.41 −7.44 (-0.27%)

  1. The Federal Reserve raised its target range for the federal funds rate by 25 basis points to 1.75% to 2% and signaled two more hikes are coming this year. US Treasury yields surged following the rate announcement. 
  2. The 2-10-year spread narrowed to its tightest point since 2007. The 2-year and 10-year were just 40 basis points apart minutes after the Federal Reserve announced its decision to hike rates. Here's why that's important and how a negative spread could signal a recession.
  3. Business prices rose at the quickest annual pace in more than six yearsRising gasoline prices pushed the Producer Price Index up 0.5% in May, the Labor Department said, bringing the year-over-year rate to 3.1%. 
  4. Crude oil was up more than 1%. That's ahead of next week's OPEC supply-cut review and after President Donald Trump took aim at the cartel for oil prices he said were "too high."
  5. Chinese telecomms company ZTE is driving a fresh wedge between the White House and Congress. After Trump said he'd lift sanctions against ZTE as part of a $1 billion settlement, a bipartisan group of senators slipped an amendment into a national defense bill set to hit the floor this week. The White House said it will block that, the Wall Street Journal Reports
  6. A new academic paper points to signs that Bitcoin's bull run was bolstered by market manipulation at Bitfinex, allegations the exchange's CEO denies. Bitcoin fell 4.15% versus the dollar following the report. 

And a look at the upcoming economic calendar:

  • The European Central Bank meets.
  • Russian and Saudi Arabian leaders meet to talk global oil production. 
  • Japan delivers its interest rate decision. 
  • British retail sales numbers are out.

SEE ALSO: Droves of Wall Streeters abandon their work during big World Cup games — and 2 teams are far more distracting than the others

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: The world is running out of sand — and there's a black market for it now

Price manipulation caused Bitcoin's huge 2017 surge, researchers say

Engadget, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Bitcoin soared to enormous heights late last year to over $19,000 for a single digital coin. Researchers now say price manipulation was the cause of at least half the rise the price of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies at the tail end of 2017.

CRYPTO INSIDER: Meet the first blockchain religion

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

iceland church

Welcome to Crypto Insider, Business Insider's roundup of all the bitcoin and cryptocurrency news you need to know today. Sign up here to get this email delivered direct to your inbox.

No, this isn't a joke. There is really a blockchain-based religion now. Here's what you need to know about Matt Liston, his religion called "0xΩ.", and why he refutes the claim that he's a "cryptoprophet."

Here are the current crypto prices:

Bitcoin price today crypto

And today's news: 

New to Crypto Insider? Business Insider has a ton of articles to get you caught up to speed, including:

What other questions do you have about crypto? Ask them in Business Insider's Crypto Insider Facebook group today to discuss with readers from all over the world, as well as BI editorial staff.

SEE ALSO: Apple bans mining cryptocurrency on iPhones (AAPL)

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Sneaky ways Costco gets you to buy more

CRYPTO INSIDER: Meet the first blockchain religion

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

iceland church

Welcome to Crypto Insider, Business Insider's roundup of all the bitcoin and cryptocurrency news you need to know today. Sign up here to get this email delivered direct to your inbox.

No, this isn't a joke. There is really a blockchain-based religion now. Here's what you need to know about Matt Liston, his religion called "0xΩ.", and why he refutes the claim that he's a "cryptoprophet."

Here are the current crypto prices:

Bitcoin price today crypto

And today's news: 

New to Crypto Insider? Business Insider has a ton of articles to get you caught up to speed, including:

What other questions do you have about crypto? Ask them in Business Insider's Crypto Insider Facebook group today to discuss with readers from all over the world, as well as BI editorial staff.

SEE ALSO: Apple bans mining cryptocurrency on iPhones (AAPL)

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Sneaky ways Costco gets you to buy more

CRYPTO INSIDER: Meet the first blockchain religion

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

iceland church

Welcome to Crypto Insider, Business Insider's roundup of all the bitcoin and cryptocurrency news you need to know today. Sign up here to get this email delivered direct to your inbox.

No, this isn't a joke. There is really a blockchain-based religion now. Here's what you need to know about Matt Liston, his religion called "0xΩ.", and why he refutes the claim that he's a "cryptoprophet."

Here are the current crypto prices:

Bitcoin price today crypto

And today's news: 

New to Crypto Insider? Business Insider has a ton of articles to get you caught up to speed, including:

What other questions do you have about crypto? Ask them in Business Insider's Crypto Insider Facebook group today to discuss with readers from all over the world, as well as BI editorial staff.

SEE ALSO: Apple bans mining cryptocurrency on iPhones (AAPL)

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: This $530 Android phone is half the price of an iPhone X and just as good

CRYPTO INSIDER: Meet the first blockchain religion

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

iceland church

Welcome to Crypto Insider, Business Insider's roundup of all the bitcoin and cryptocurrency news you need to know today. Sign up here to get this email delivered direct to your inbox.

No, this isn't a joke. There is really a blockchain-based religion now. Here's what you need to know about Matt Liston, his religion called "0xΩ.", and why he refutes the claim that he's a "cryptoprophet."

Here are the current crypto prices:

Bitcoin price today crypto

And today's news: 

New to Crypto Insider? Business Insider has a ton of articles to get you caught up to speed, including:

What other questions do you have about crypto? Ask them in Business Insider's Crypto Insider Facebook group today to discuss with readers from all over the world, as well as BI editorial staff.

SEE ALSO: Apple bans mining cryptocurrency on iPhones (AAPL)

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: This $530 Android phone is half the price of an iPhone X and just as good

New Blockchain-Based Renewable Energy Pilot to Power 500,000 Homes

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

New Blockchain Renewable Energy Pilot to Power 500,000 Homes

As the effects of climate change make their mark across the globe, people are more wary of their carbon footprints and are gradually switching to renewable energy.

Swytch, a blockchain-based energy platform will work with Energy2market GmbH (e2m), a leader in aggregated energy trading, on a pilot program which will allow it to power homes in Germany with renewable energy while rewarding users with tokens.

The large-scale pilot program aims to distribute roughly 3.5Gw of solar, wind, hydro and bio-gas energy capacity, which is enough to power over 500,000 homes.

Based in Austin, Texas, Swytch combines smart meter and blockchain technology to reward those who generate low carbon emissions. It does this through an open-source Oracle platform which acts as a distributed authority in determining how much carbon is being displaced and how many tokens should be awarded.

Co-founder and Managing Director of Swytch Evan Caron told Bitcoin Magazine his company has already started leveraging the first version of the Oracle to evaluate the assets being managed by e2m.

“We intend to move toward full-scale adoption of the Swytch protocols for full transparency and traceability of energy and environmental attributes and to reward the assets with swytch tokens,” he states.

e2m is a European leader in aggregate energy trading and provider of market access services. It specializes in managing and optimizing diverse portfolios of generators, consumers, suppliers and grid operators. With a Virtual Power Plant and its 24/7 trading team, e2m has the ability to aggregate power from decentralized generation and consumption systems and market them in real time.

e2m believes the partnership will be beneficial to both parties as it sees Swytch's approach to tokenized incentives to be quite attractive to the energy producers and traders it serves.

Andreas Keil, CEO of Energy2market GmbH said, “Government-based incentive programs can only do so much, and a more dynamic option is needed. Additionally, some countries, like Germany, will begin phasing out their incentive programs in the next few years. We need to prepare for the future and identify new subsidy instruments and trading mechanism.”

The partnership will allow e2m to gain more insight and leverage blockchain technology while empowering businesses and individuals to be more active in their adoption of renewable energy.

Energy companies have been testing blockchain technology and how it can benefit them. Ethereum-based platform ImpactPPA is seeking to disrupt renewable energy to finance and accelerate global clean energy production. Scanergy was also launched as an energy blockchain for European prosumers. Scanergy makes smart energy trade between prosumers possible while coping with the dynamism in the demand and supply of electricity.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

Swarm is Tokenizing Coinbase, Ripple Shares– Whether They Like it or Not

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Cryptocurrency startup Swarm has announced a new security token product that will allow accredited investors to purchase and trade equity in privately-owned tech companies like Coinbase, Robinhood, Ripple, and Didi. Swarm Wants to Tokenize the Equity of Private Companies The product, announced by Swarm on Wednesday, allows investors to pool their assets to obtain private

The post Swarm is Tokenizing Coinbase, Ripple Shares– Whether They Like it or Not appeared first on CCN

EU’s European Blockchain Observatory and Forum to Host Blockchain AMA

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

EU’s European Blockchain Observatory and Forum to Host Blockchain AMA

The European Union (EU) has announced that it will host an online Ask Me Anything (AMA) session on June 18, 2018, at 6 p.m. CEST. The event, organized and hosted by the European Blockchain Observatory and Forum of the EU, will last for 90 minutes and cover blockchain technologies with in-depth explanations, interactive discussions with panelists and public questions answered live.

The European Blockchain Observatory and Forum was created as a European Parliament pilot project with a mission to accelerate blockchain innovation and the development of the blockchain ecosystem within the EU and establish Europe as a global leader in the field. The Blockchain Observatory and Forum is currently operating under the European Commission (EC)’s Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT). Their partners include ConsenSys AG (general contractor), the University of Southampton, the Knowledge Media Institute at the Open University, University College London and the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts.

The event will be streamed live on YouTube. Viewers are invited to comment and ask questions via Twitter. To participate, viewers should include both #AMAblockchain and @EUBlockchain in a tweet. For example, “What is the official position of the EU on cryptocurrencies #AMAblockchain @EUBlockchain?” Selected tweets will be addressed and answered live.

“Technologies like blockchain can help reduce costs while increasing trust, traceability and security,” said Andrus Ansip, vice president for the Digital Single Market, in a February 2018 EU press release announcing the launch of the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum.

“They have huge potential for making social and economic transactions more secure online by guarding against an attack and removing the need for any middleman. We want to build on Europe's substantial talent base and excellent startups to become a leading world region that will develop and invest in the rollout of blockchain.”

The announcement emphasizes that the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum will play an active role in helping Europe to seize new opportunities offered by blockchain technology, build expertise and show leadership in the field, and promote an open forum for blockchain technologists, innovators, citizens, industry stakeholders, public authorities and regulators.

“I see blockchain as a game changer and I want Europe to be at the forefront of its development,” said Mariya Gabriel, commissioner for the Digital Economy and Society. “We need to establish the right enabling environment — a Digital Single Market for blockchain so that all citizens can benefit, instead of a patchwork of initiatives. The EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum is an important step in that direction.”

The announcement states that the Blockchain Observatory and Forum is intended to support the EC's work on FinTech, which is considered a priority of the EC and is expected to play a major role in achieving the objectives related to the development of the single market, Banking Union, the Capital Markets Union and retail financial services.

“Among the many technologies that are driving digital innovation, blockchain has the potential to be truly transformative for financial services and markets,” said Valdis Dombrovskis, vice president responsible for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union. “The Blockchain Observatory and Forum will monitor developments and also inform our policy making.”

TNW notes that the Blockchain Observatory and Forum has been hosting a series of workshops and panel discussions to figure out the best ways to approach this fledgling technology in the age of the GDPR. The recordings are online on YouTube.


This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

Coinbase, Ripple Blast Company Creating Equity Tokens in Their Name

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Coinbase and Ripple are pushing back against the equity tokens the Swarm fund announced Wednesday.

Proposed Regulations Could Cause Major Shifts in Canadian Crypto Businesses

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Proposed Regulations Could Cause Major Shifts in Canadian Crypto Businesses

Canada’s government has released draft regulations for “virtual currencies” with a consultation period of 90 days, saying that proposed regulatory changes could mean a loss of $60 million over 10 years for businesses that deal in cryptocurrencies but will improve Canada’s international reputation and make it easier for crypto businesses to deal overseas.

The Canadian crypto business community is still assessing the new proposed regulations but a number of experts have told Bitcoin Magazine that the impact on the community will be “massive” and “significant” and may result in a shake-up and consolidation of companies, including blockchain companies currently in the space.

Amber D. Scott, CEO of Outlier Solutions, a company that focuses on helping bitcoin and blockchain crypto startups to understand and comply with government regulations, said:

“If the definitions are broadly interpreted, there could be significant dislocation in both the cryptocurrencies and blockchain communities that were not expecting to be regulated in this way. This includes any blockchain company that has issued, sold or traded a token that fits within the definition of ‘virtual currency.’”

Among other proposals, the new regulations will require firms (including exchanges) to keep detailed records of users and inform the government about suspicious activities, provide written policies and procedures, undergo a risk assessment and be ready for audits.

Jason Beitchman, a commercial litigation lawyer in Toronto with experience in anti-money laundering and cryptocurrency litigation, told Bitcoin Magazine:

“The impact on the cryptocurrency business is going to be massive. I can see it playing a significant role in allowing some market participants to rise to the top and separate themselves from others who don’t get out ahead of compliance issues.”

Beitchman notes that some of the language in the draft regulations seems strangely vague and unclear:

“I found the language in the second part of the definition of ‘virtual currency’ to be curious: ‘information that enables a person or entity to have access to a digital currency.’ What kind of information? This seems unusually vague and broad. Isn’t a webpage explaining how to trade in bitcoin ‘information’ that would enable a person to have access to a digital currency?”

Beitchman credits crypto companies for their generally imaginative marketing and innovative technology but says:

“... in time, cryptocurrency businesses will be forced to focus on the more brown-bag aspects of long-term and self-sustaining financial services businesses. These include a focus on operations, administration, compliance and legal. I expect we will see some portions of the sector embrace this development and other parts either ignore it or avoid it, at their peril.”

Evan Thomas, who practices compliance law in Toronto, told Bitcoin Magazine:

“Speaking for myself only, the regulations will undoubtedly have significant implications for many cryptocurrency and blockchain businesses.”

Thomas also reiterated that the regulations were not very clear on things like defining virtual currencies. The language used could mean a whole raft of businesses that deal in value transfer services.

“The commentary with the draft regulations suggests that ‘dealing in’ activities ‘include virtual currency exchange services and value transfer services,’ but there are many other businesses, such as miners, mining pools and developers of tokenized applications, that could be considered ‘dealing in virtual currencies,’ depending on how that phrase is interpreted,” he said.

Scott agrees that the language could be considerably clearer:

“The biggest issue that I see is that some of the definitions can be interpreted very broadly. Unfortunately, regulators sometimes get focused on the ‘letter’ rather than the ‘intent’ of the regulations. In practice, this means that if the Department of Finance doesn't tighten up some of the wording or provide additional exclusions, business models that don't really present much money laundering or terrorist financing risk (like in-game tokens) or things that are already regulated (like securities tokens) may be swept in.”

What Happens Now?

There's a 90-day comment period, then the Department of Finance redrafts the final version. Once this is published, there will be a 12-month transition period for compliance, meaning that it will likely take at least 15 months or longer for everything to be fully in force.

Even though this is a draft, Scott noted, the final versions of regulations like these are usually very similar to the draft version.

“I don't think that we're likely to see substantial shifts, but there are real opportunities to refine the content (better definitions, exclusions for things that shouldn't be captured, etc.) for interested companies and organizations.”

Beitchman’s view is that there is not likely to be a significant challenge from the crypto community and that other types of financial services may be better able to afford to make presentations to the Department of Finance. He further suggested that some of the significant issues that could arise will be resolved in the courts over the next 5–10 years through regulatory or litigation proceedings.

“Advocacy and lobbying activity is a highly sophisticated business strategy that requires a clear vision, funding and either large market share or wide-spread consensus,” he said. “While I am hopeful that there will be a positive dialogue with Finance, there are certainly challenges in advancing cryptocurrency interests here.”

“You also have to look at the sectors that traditionally have a large advocacy and lobbying presence in financial services and consider whether and how those sectors may be participating in the comments process,” he added.

Scott’s company, Outlier Solutions, will be active in the comment process:

“I expect that we'll be spending the next 90 days telling people not to panic. We participate in a number of industry groups and will be submitting comments through them, as well as on our own behalf. We've also set up a survey for community members that want to comment but may be reticent to have their names attached to comments (so no personal information is required).”

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

Trump's looming sanctions could cripple Iran's auto industry

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Trump Iran deal tehran nuclear deal sanctions

  • The US is set to reimpose sanctions on Tehran after withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal.
  • PSA Peugeot announced unwinding of its joint ventures in Iran.
  • The move will likely drive market contraction, according to analysts. 

As companies withdraw foreign brands and halt planned investments in Iran, analysts think the country's auto industry could be the first to hurt.

Trump announced last month the US will reimpose "the highest level" of economic penalties against Iran as it exits the 2015 deal, which previously eased sanctions so long as Tehran curbed its nuclear weapons program. Any nations who help Iran "in its quest" for nuclear weapons could be subject to US sanctions, he said.

French carmaker PSA Peugeot Citroën, which accounted for nearly 30% of market share last year, said last week it will begin reining in its joint ventures in the country. It will eventually exit the market, the company said in a statement, in efforts to comply with US law.

And effects of the withdrawal could ripple through Iran's auto industry, according to a team of analysts at Fitch's BMI, magnifying an expected production downturn. 

Screen Shot 2018 06 13 at 12.22.12 PM

"This is due to the looming threat of the re-imposition of US sanctions on the country which have driven up the uncertainty in the Iranian business environment," BMI said. "We believe that the effect that PSA’s exit from the market will have a negative impact on domestic autos production due to the large scale of its vehicle manufacturing in the country."

The auto industry was among those that benefitted most when the US lifted sanctions on Iran as part of the nuclear deal in 2015.

PSA was quick to jump on business opportunities that had previously been blacklisted through sanctions. The company signed a joint venture with Iran Khodro Automobiles Peugeot in 2016, saying it would invest 400 million euros by 2020. A month after that, the company announced another joint venture with Saipa Citroën Company, together agreeing to invest 300 million euros

BMI downgraded their forecast for vehicle production growth in Iran this year from a 10% rise to an 18% decline. They expect passenger vehicle production to fall an average of 1.2% a year through 2021. 

Screen Shot 2018 06 13 at 12.28.05 PM

SEE ALSO: South Korean stocks tied to improved relations with the North have climbed by as much as 500%

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: How a $9 billion startup deceived Silicon Valley

Trump's looming sanctions could cripple Iran's auto industry

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Trump Iran deal tehran nuclear deal sanctions

  • The US is set to reimpose sanctions on Tehran after withdrawing from the Iran nuclear deal.
  • PSA Peugeot announced unwinding of its joint ventures in Iran.
  • The move will likely drive market contraction, according to analysts. 

As companies withdraw foreign brands and halt planned investments in Iran, analysts think the country's auto industry could be the first to hurt.

Trump announced last month the US will reimpose "the highest level" of economic penalties against Iran as it exits the 2015 deal, which previously eased sanctions so long as Tehran curbed its nuclear weapons program. Any nations who help Iran "in its quest" for nuclear weapons could be subject to US sanctions, he said.

French carmaker PSA Peugeot Citroën, which accounted for nearly 30% of market share last year, said last week it will begin reining in its joint ventures in the country. It will eventually exit the market, the company said in a statement, in efforts to comply with US law.

And effects of the withdrawal could ripple through Iran's auto industry, according to a team of analysts at Fitch's BMI, magnifying an expected production downturn. 

Screen Shot 2018 06 13 at 12.22.12 PM

"This is due to the looming threat of the re-imposition of US sanctions on the country which have driven up the uncertainty in the Iranian business environment," BMI said. "We believe that the effect that PSA’s exit from the market will have a negative impact on domestic autos production due to the large scale of its vehicle manufacturing in the country."

The auto industry was among those that benefitted most when the US lifted sanctions on Iran as part of the nuclear deal in 2015.

PSA was quick to jump on business opportunities that had previously been blacklisted through sanctions. The company signed a joint venture with Iran Khodro Automobiles Peugeot in 2016, saying it would invest 400 million euros by 2020. A month after that, the company announced another joint venture with Saipa Citroën Company, together agreeing to invest 300 million euros

BMI downgraded their forecast for vehicle production growth in Iran this year from a 10% rise to an 18% decline. They expect passenger vehicle production to fall an average of 1.2% a year through 2021. 

Screen Shot 2018 06 13 at 12.28.05 PM

SEE ALSO: South Korean stocks tied to improved relations with the North have climbed by as much as 500%

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Why so many fast food logos are red

Bitcoin Price was Manipulated by Tether, Researchers Claim

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Market manipulators used Tether’s USDT token to artificially inflate the bitcoin price during 2017’s prolonged bull run. That’s according to explosive new research from University of Texas finance processors John Griffin and Amin Shams, best known for identifying suspicious activity in the VIX last year. Writing in a 66-page report titled “Is Bitcoin Really Un-Tethered?,” … Continued

The post Bitcoin Price was Manipulated by Tether, Researchers Claim appeared first on CCN

New Research Shows Bitcoin's Meteoric Rise Was a Scam

Entrepreneur, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Crypotocurrencies are the latest in a centuries-long line of speculative bubbles driven by shrewd insiders taking advantage of gullible investors

Bitcoin Price Dips Below $6,500, Breaching Major Support Level; Where Does BTC Go Next?

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The bitcoin price has dipped below the $6,500 mark, falling to the lower end of $6,400. A major support level at $6,421 was breached, a major support level since early April. The next major support level is at $6,000, and falling below it could result in bitcoin falling to $5,000. Is $5,000 Next? Weak volume

The post Bitcoin Price Dips Below $6,500, Breaching Major Support Level; Where Does BTC Go Next? appeared first on CCN

Safety app Watch Out acquires paywall startup BitWall

TechCrunch, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

BitWall, a Bitcoin-focused startup promising to help online publishers make money, has been acquired. Its new owner is Watch Out, the company behind an app that sends alerts about things like product and food recalls and weather-realted emergencies. It’s not the most obvious acquirer, but the companies say BitWall can help Watch Out improve its […]

Relief Rally Ahead? Litecoin Looks Oversold Below $100

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Litecoin hit fresh 2018 lows in the Asian hours, but could be in for corrective rally courtesy of oversold conditions.

Bitcoin Is Controlled by China, Won’t Disrupt Banks: Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

It might be an overstatement to say that Brad Garlinghouse has been on a bitcoin-bashing tour — he is, after all, a bitcoin investor himself — but it’s undeniable that the Ripple CEO has used the recent market downturn as an opportunity to throw shade at the flagship cryptocurrency. The latest jab came this week

The post Bitcoin Is Controlled by China, Won’t Disrupt Banks: Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse appeared first on CCN

Bitcoin Is Controlled by China, Won’t Disrupt Banks: Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

It might be an overstatement to say that Brad Garlinghouse has been on a bitcoin-bashing tour — he is, after all, a bitcoin investor himself — but it’s undeniable that the Ripple CEO has used the recent market downturn as an opportunity to throw shade at the flagship cryptocurrency. The latest jab came this week

The post Bitcoin Is Controlled by China, Won’t Disrupt Banks: Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse appeared first on CCN

Tether Manipulation Pushed Up Bitcoin's Price, Researchers Find

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

A new study by the University of Texas at Austin claims that the Tether stablecoin is used to increase bitcoin's price during market downswings.

Bitcoin Price Could Reach Further Lows Below $6,000: Analyst

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Ran Neu Ner, founder of Onchain Capital, and host of Cryptotrader on CNBC Africa was on CNBC’s Fast Money offering his prediction that bitcoin is likely to see further downward movement relative to the US dollar, possibly going as low as $5,900 USD. The problem, according to Neu Ner, is not to do with any

The post Bitcoin Price Could Reach Further Lows Below $6,000: Analyst appeared first on CCN

Bitcoin.org Redesign Goes Live, Removes References to Pro-SegWit2x Companies

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Bitcoin.org launched a new website design on and has removed references and links to certain partners, including BitPay, Coinbase, and Blockchain.   The removal of the companies occurred most on the resources pages, namely the exchanges page. The argument for removing these large players, who have helped with increasing adoption for new users, is that

The post Bitcoin.org Redesign Goes Live, Removes References to Pro-SegWit2x Companies appeared first on CCN

Bitcoin is slipping after study claims its 2017 bull run was driven by market manipulation

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

bitcoin

  • Bitcoin fell 2% on Wednesday after a new academic paper was published claiming bitcoin's price run to December last year was driven by manipulation.
  • The University of Texas paper alleges that exchange Bitfinex may have used Tether, a cryptocurrency it is closely linked to, to support the price.
  • Bitfinex's CEO told BI: "Bitfinex nor Tether is, or has ever, engaged in any sort of market or price manipulation. Tether issuances cannot be used to prop up the price of Bitcoin or any other coin/token on Bitfinex."


The price of bitcoin fell against the dollar on Wednesday after an academic paper claimed the cryptocurrency's 2017 bull run was caused by market manipulation at a major exchange — allegations denied by the CEO.

Academics at the University of Texas on Wednesday published a paper analysing whether cryptocurrency Tether "influences Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency prices during the recent boom."

The academics concluded that the price patterns are "most consistent with the supply-based hypothesis where Tether is used to provide price support and manipulate cryptocurrency prices."

Tether is a cryptocurrency supposedly backed by the US dollar one-for-one, offering the stability of the currency but the flexibility and functionality of cryptocurrency. The cryptocurrency was created by many of the same people behind leading cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex. (You can read a full explanation of Tether here.)

Bitfinex CEO JL van der Velde said in an emailed statement: "Bitfinex nor Tether is, or has ever, engaged in any sort of market or price manipulation. Tether issuances cannot be used to prop up the price of Bitcoin or any other coin/token on Bitfinex."

Bitcoin rallied over 1,000% against the dollar last year, peaking at over $20,000 in December. It has since collapsed to below $7,000.

The University of Texas paper looked at the relationship between Tether and the price of bitcoin between March 2016 and March of this year, but focused specifically on the year to March 2018. The academics concluded: "Tether seems to be used both to stabilize and manipulate Bitcoin prices," with new Tether coins seemingly created and used to buy up bitcoin at times of low demand.

Prominent sceptic Bitfinex'd, an anonymous Twitter user, has long argued that Tether was being used to manipulate the price of bitcoin by propping up demand. Bitfinex has denied this.

The New York Times first reported the paper and said that the study was a strong indication of possible manipulation and would require further investigation.

Bitcoin fell 2% against the dollar shortly after the New York Times piece was published. The price has rallied slightly since then and bitcoin is down 1.5% against the dollar as of 11.25 a.m. BST (6.25 a.m. ET).

The US Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) issued subpoenas to Bitfinex and Tether last December, according to Bloomberg.

Last month the US Justice Department reportedly began investigating bitcoin price manipulation, focusing specifically on "spoofing" — the practice of placing fake orders to drive up or down a price — and "wash trading" — the practice of trading with yourself to simulate volume in a market.

Professor John Griffin and his graduate student Amin Shams conclude in their paper: "Our findings suggest that market surveillance within a proper regulatory framework may be needed for cryptocurrency markets to be legitimate stores of value and a reliable medium for fair financial transactions. Additional research is necessary to further understand these markets."

SEE ALSO: Everything you need to know about Tether, the cryptocurrency that people worry could crash bitcoin and that regulators are investigating

DON'T MISS: The Justice Department is investigating crypto market manipulation — here's why it's such a big problem

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Millennials are driving a shift in investing — here's how to meet your financial and social impact goals

Newsflash: Bitcoin Price Falls Below $6,400 to Hit 4-Month Low

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Bitcoin price fell to its lowest point since February 6th on Wednesday to hit $6,371 (Bitfinex) in a slide near its year-to-date low amid a continuing struggle to find a stable support level. The days following ‘Bloody Sunday’, wherein the cryptocurrency market lost over $40 billion over the weekend, have seen continued depreciation for all

The post Newsflash: Bitcoin Price Falls Below $6,400 to Hit 4-Month Low appeared first on CCN

Bitcoin Bulls Eye $6,400 Defense After Four-Month Low

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Short-term oversold conditions may give the bulls a brief reprieve, but the bitcoin market is still generally bearish.

Beyond Bitcoin: Reuters Expands Data Service to Top 100 Cryptos

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The Canadian mass media and information giant, Thomas Reuters, is expanding its sentiment analysis to track 100 of the world's top cryptocurrencies.

$97: Litecoin Price Hits Fresh 2018 Low

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The price of litecoin falls below $100 again today to reach a 2018 low so far.

Bitcoin Futures Could Spur Bank Ratings Downgrades

CryptoCoins News, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Rating agencies may downgrade banks that clear bitcoin futures if these financial products continue to see increasing volumes over the coming months. Financial publication Risk.net reports that each of the three large rating agencies — Standard and Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch — have expressed concern over increasing volume in bitcoin futures markets, which are currently

The post Bitcoin Futures Could Spur Bank Ratings Downgrades appeared first on CCN

07/20/2018 07/19/2018 07/18/2018 07/17/2018 07/16/2018 07/15/2018 07/14/2018 07/13/2018 07/12/2018 07/11/2018 07/10/2018 07/09/2018 07/08/2018 07/07/2018 07/06/2018 07/05/2018 07/04/2018 07/03/2018 07/02/2018 07/01/2018 06/30/2018 06/29/2018 06/28/2018 06/27/2018 06/26/2018 06/25/2018 06/24/2018 06/23/2018 06/22/2018 06/21/2018 06/20/2018 06/19/2018 06/18/2018 06/17/2018 06/16/2018 06/15/2018 06/14/2018 06/13/2018 06/12/2018 06/11/2018 06/10/2018 06/09/2018 06/08/2018 06/07/2018 06/06/2018 06/05/2018 06/04/2018 06/03/2018 06/02/2018 06/01/2018 05/31/2018 05/30/2018 05/29/2018 05/28/2018 05/27/2018 05/26/2018 05/25/2018 05/24/2018 05/23/2018 05/22/2018 05/21/2018 05/20/2018 05/19/2018 05/18/2018 05/17/2018 05/16/2018 05/15/2018 05/14/2018 05/13/2018 05/12/2018 05/11/2018 05/10/2018 05/09/2018 05/08/2018 05/07/2018 05/06/2018 05/05/2018 05/04/2018 05/03/2018 05/02/2018 05/01/2018 04/30/2018 04/29/2018 04/28/2018 04/27/2018 04/26/2018 04/25/2018 04/24/2018 04/23/2018 04/22/2018 04/21/2018 04/20/2018 04/19/2018 04/18/2018 04/17/2018 04/16/2018 04/15/2018 04/14/2018 04/13/2018 04/12/2018 04/11/2018 04/10/2018 04/09/2018 04/08/2018 04/07/2018 04/06/2018 04/05/2018 04/04/2018 04/03/2018 04/02/2018 04/01/2018 03/31/2018 03/30/2018 03/29/2018 03/28/2018 03/27/2018 03/26/2018 03/25/2018 03/24/2018 03/23/2018 03/22/2018 03/21/2018 03/20/2018 03/19/2018 03/18/2018 03/17/2018 03/16/2018 03/15/2018 03/14/2018 03/13/2018 03/12/2018 03/11/2018 03/10/2018 03/09/2018 03/08/2018 03/07/2018 03/06/2018 03/05/2018 03/04/2018 03/03/2018 03/02/2018 03/01/2018 02/28/2018 02/27/2018 02/26/2018 02/25/2018 02/24/2018 02/23/2018 02/22/2018 02/21/2018 02/20/2018 02/19/2018 02/18/2018 02/17/2018 02/16/2018 02/15/2018 02/14/2018 02/13/2018 02/12/2018 02/11/2018 02/10/2018 02/09/2018 02/08/2018 02/07/2018 02/06/2018 02/05/2018 02/04/2018 02/03/2018 02/02/2018 02/01/2018 01/31/2018 01/30/2018 01/29/2018 01/28/2018 01/27/2018 01/26/2018 01/25/2018 01/24/2018 01/23/2018 01/22/2018 01/21/2018 01/20/2018 01/19/2018 01/18/2018 01/17/2018 01/16/2018 01/15/2018 01/14/2018 01/13/2018 01/12/2018 01/11/2018 01/10/2018 01/09/2018 01/08/2018 01/07/2018 01/06/2018 01/05/2018 01/04/2018 01/03/2018 01/02/2018 01/01/2018 12/31/2017 12/30/2017 12/29/2017 12/28/2017 12/27/2017 12/26/2017 12/25/2017 12/24/2017 12/23/2017 12/22/2017 12/21/2017 12/20/2017 12/19/2017 12/18/2017 12/17/2017 12/16/2017 12/15/2017 12/14/2017 12/13/2017 12/12/2017 12/11/2017 12/10/2017 12/09/2017 12/08/2017 12/07/2017 12/06/2017 12/05/2017 12/04/2017 12/03/2017 12/02/2017 12/01/2017 11/30/2017 11/29/2017 11/28/2017 11/27/2017 11/26/2017 11/25/2017 11/24/2017 11/23/2017 11/22/2017 11/21/2017 11/20/2017 11/19/2017 11/18/2017 11/17/2017 11/16/2017 11/15/2017 11/14/2017 11/13/2017 11/12/2017 11/11/2017 11/10/2017 11/09/2017 11/08/2017 11/07/2017 11/06/2017 11/05/2017 11/04/2017 11/03/2017 11/02/2017 11/01/2017 10/31/2017 10/30/2017 10/29/2017 10/28/2017 10/27/2017 10/26/2017 10/25/2017 10/24/2017 10/23/2017 10/22/2017 10/21/2017 10/20/2017 10/19/2017 10/18/2017 10/17/2017 10/16/2017 10/15/2017 10/14/2017 10/13/2017 10/12/2017 10/11/2017 10/10/2017 10/09/2017 10/08/2017 10/07/2017 10/06/2017 10/05/2017 10/04/2017 10/03/2017 10/02/2017 10/01/2017 09/30/2017 09/29/2017 09/28/2017 09/27/2017 09/26/2017 09/25/2017 09/24/2017 09/23/2017 09/22/2017 09/21/2017 09/20/2017 09/19/2017 09/18/2017 09/17/2017 09/16/2017 09/15/2017 09/14/2017 09/13/2017 09/12/2017 09/11/2017 09/10/2017 09/09/2017 09/08/2017 09/07/2017 09/06/2017 09/05/2017 09/04/2017 09/01/2017 08/02/2017 07/27/2017 07/26/2017 07/25/2017 07/24/2017 07/23/2017 07/22/2017 07/21/2017 07/20/2017 07/19/2017 07/18/2017 07/17/2017 07/16/2017 07/15/2017 07/14/2017 07/13/2017 07/12/2017 07/11/2017 07/10/2017 07/09/2017 07/08/2017 07/07/2017 07/06/2017 07/05/2017 07/04/2017 07/03/2017 07/02/2017 07/01/2017 06/30/2017 06/29/2017 06/28/2017 06/27/2017 06/26/2017 06/25/2017 06/24/2017 06/23/2017 06/22/2017 06/21/2017 06/20/2017 06/19/2017 06/17/2017 06/16/2017 06/15/2017 06/14/2017 06/13/2017 06/12/2017 06/11/2017 06/10/2017 06/09/2017 06/08/2017 06/07/2017 06/06/2017 06/05/2017 06/04/2017 06/03/2017 06/02/2017 06/01/2017 05/31/2017 05/30/2017 05/29/2017 05/28/2017 05/27/2017 05/26/2017 05/25/2017 05/24/2017 05/23/2017 05/22/2017 05/21/2017 05/20/2017 05/19/2017 05/18/2017 05/17/2017 05/16/2017 05/15/2017 05/14/2017 05/13/2017 05/12/2017 05/11/2017 05/10/2017 05/09/2017 05/08/2017 05/07/2017 05/06/2017 05/05/2017 05/04/2017 05/03/2017 05/02/2017 05/01/2017 04/30/2017 04/29/2017 04/28/2017 04/27/2017 04/26/2017 04/25/2017 04/24/2017 04/23/2017 04/22/2017 04/21/2017 04/20/2017 04/19/2017 04/18/2017 04/17/2017 04/16/2017 04/15/2017 04/14/2017 04/13/2017 04/12/2017 04/11/2017 04/10/2017 04/09/2017 04/08/2017 04/07/2017 04/06/2017 04/05/2017 04/04/2017 04/03/2017 04/02/2017 04/01/2017 03/31/2017 03/30/2017 03/29/2017 03/28/2017 03/27/2017 03/26/2017 03/25/2017 03/24/2017 03/23/2017 03/22/2017 03/21/2017 03/20/2017 03/19/2017 03/18/2017 03/17/2017 03/16/2017 03/15/2017 03/14/2017 03/13/2017 03/12/2017 03/11/2017 03/10/2017 03/09/2017 03/08/2017 03/07/2017 03/06/2017 03/05/2017 03/04/2017 03/03/2017 03/02/2017 03/01/2017 02/28/2017 02/27/2017 02/26/2017 02/25/2017 02/24/2017 02/23/2017 02/22/2017 02/21/2017 02/20/2017 02/19/2017 02/18/2017 02/17/2017 02/16/2017 02/15/2017 02/14/2017 02/13/2017 02/12/2017 02/11/2017 02/10/2017 02/09/2017 02/08/2017 02/07/2017 02/06/2017 02/05/2017 02/04/2017 02/03/2017 02/02/2017 02/01/2017 01/31/2017 01/30/2017 01/29/2017 01/28/2017 01/27/2017 01/26/2017 01/25/2017 01/24/2017 01/23/2017 01/22/2017 01/21/2017 01/20/2017 01/19/2017 01/18/2017 01/17/2017 01/16/2017 01/15/2017 01/14/2017 01/13/2017 01/12/2017 01/11/2017 01/10/2017 01/09/2017 01/08/2017 01/07/2017 01/06/2017 01/05/2017 01/04/2017 01/03/2017 01/02/2017 01/01/2017 12/31/2016 12/30/2016 12/29/2016 12/28/2016 12/27/2016 12/26/2016 12/25/2016 12/24/2016 12/23/2016 12/22/2016 12/21/2016 12/20/2016 12/19/2016 12/18/2016 12/17/2016 12/16/2016 12/15/2016 12/14/2016 12/13/2016 12/12/2016 12/11/2016 12/10/2016 12/09/2016 12/08/2016 12/07/2016 12/06/2016 12/05/2016 12/04/2016 12/03/2016 12/02/2016 12/01/2016 11/30/2016 11/29/2016 11/28/2016 11/27/2016 11/26/2016 11/25/2016 11/24/2016 11/23/2016 11/22/2016 11/21/2016 11/20/2016 11/19/2016 11/18/2016 11/17/2016 11/16/2016 11/15/2016 11/14/2016 11/13/2016 11/12/2016 11/11/2016 11/10/2016 11/09/2016 11/08/2016 11/07/2016 11/06/2016 11/05/2016 11/04/2016 11/03/2016 11/02/2016 11/01/2016 10/31/2016 10/30/2016 10/29/2016 10/28/2016 10/27/2016 10/26/2016 10/25/2016 10/24/2016 10/23/2016 10/22/2016 10/21/2016 10/20/2016 10/19/2016 10/18/2016 10/17/2016 10/16/2016 10/15/2016 10/14/2016 10/13/2016 10/12/2016 10/11/2016 10/10/2016 10/09/2016 10/08/2016 10/07/2016 10/06/2016 10/05/2016 10/04/2016 10/03/2016 10/02/2016 10/01/2016 09/30/2016 09/29/2016 09/28/2016 09/27/2016 09/26/2016 09/25/2016 09/24/2016 09/23/2016 09/22/2016 09/21/2016 09/20/2016 09/19/2016 09/18/2016 09/17/2016 09/16/2016 09/15/2016 09/14/2016 09/13/2016 09/12/2016 09/11/2016 09/10/2016 09/09/2016 09/08/2016 09/07/2016 09/06/2016 09/05/2016 09/04/2016 09/03/2016 09/02/2016 09/01/2016 08/31/2016 08/30/2016 08/29/2016 08/28/2016 08/27/2016 08/26/2016 08/25/2016 08/24/2016 08/23/2016 08/22/2016 08/21/2016 08/20/2016 08/19/2016 08/18/2016 08/17/2016 08/16/2016 08/15/2016 08/14/2016 08/13/2016 08/12/2016 08/11/2016 08/10/2016 08/09/2016 08/08/2016 08/07/2016 08/06/2016 08/05/2016 08/04/2016 08/03/2016 08/02/2016 08/01/2016 07/31/2016 07/30/2016 07/29/2016 07/28/2016 07/27/2016 07/26/2016 07/25/2016 07/24/2016 07/23/2016 07/22/2016 07/21/2016 07/20/2016 07/19/2016 07/18/2016 07/17/2016 07/16/2016 07/15/2016 07/14/2016 07/13/2016 07/12/2016 07/11/2016 07/10/2016 07/09/2016 07/08/2016 07/07/2016 07/06/2016 07/05/2016 07/04/2016 07/03/2016 07/02/2016 07/01/2016 06/30/2016 06/29/2016 06/28/2016 06/27/2016 06/26/2016 06/25/2016 06/24/2016 06/23/2016 06/22/2016 06/21/2016 06/20/2016 06/19/2016 06/18/2016 06/17/2016 06/16/2016 06/15/2016 06/14/2016 06/13/2016 06/12/2016 06/11/2016 06/10/2016 06/09/2016 06/08/2016 06/07/2016 06/06/2016 06/05/2016 06/04/2016 06/03/2016 06/02/2016 06/01/2016 05/31/2016 05/30/2016 05/29/2016 05/28/2016 05/27/2016 05/26/2016 05/25/2016 05/24/2016 05/23/2016 05/22/2016 05/21/2016 05/20/2016 05/19/2016 05/18/2016 05/17/2016 05/16/2016 05/15/2016 05/14/2016 05/13/2016 05/12/2016 05/11/2016 05/10/2016 05/09/2016 05/08/2016 05/07/2016 05/06/2016 05/05/2016 05/04/2016 05/03/2016 05/02/2016 05/01/2016 04/30/2016 04/29/2016 04/28/2016 04/27/2016 04/26/2016 04/25/2016 04/24/2016 04/23/2016 04/22/2016 04/21/2016 04/20/2016 04/19/2016 04/18/2016 04/17/2016 04/16/2016 04/15/2016 04/14/2016 04/13/2016 04/12/2016 04/11/2016 04/10/2016 04/09/2016 04/08/2016 04/07/2016 04/06/2016 04/05/2016 04/04/2016 04/03/2016 04/02/2016 04/01/2016 03/31/2016 03/30/2016 03/29/2016 03/28/2016 03/27/2016 03/26/2016 03/25/2016 03/24/2016 03/23/2016 03/22/2016 03/21/2016 03/20/2016 03/19/2016 03/18/2016 03/17/2016 03/16/2016 03/15/2016 03/14/2016 03/13/2016 03/12/2016 03/11/2016 03/10/2016 03/09/2016 03/08/2016 03/07/2016 03/06/2016 03/05/2016 03/04/2016 03/03/2016 03/02/2016 03/01/2016 02/29/2016 02/28/2016 02/27/2016 02/26/2016 02/25/2016 02/24/2016 02/23/2016 02/22/2016 02/21/2016 02/20/2016 02/19/2016 02/18/2016 02/17/2016 02/16/2016 02/15/2016 02/14/2016 02/13/2016 02/12/2016 02/11/2016 02/10/2016 02/09/2016 02/08/2016 02/07/2016 02/06/2016 02/05/2016 02/04/2016 02/03/2016 02/02/2016 02/01/2016 01/31/2016 01/30/2016 01/29/2016 01/28/2016 01/27/2016 01/26/2016 01/25/2016 01/24/2016 01/23/2016 01/22/2016 01/21/2016 01/20/2016 01/19/2016 01/18/2016 01/17/2016 01/16/2016 01/15/2016 01/14/2016 01/13/2016 01/12/2016 01/11/2016 01/10/2016 01/09/2016 01/08/2016 01/07/2016 01/06/2016 01/05/2016 01/04/2016 01/03/2016 01/02/2016 01/01/2016 12/31/2015 12/30/2015 12/29/2015 12/28/2015 12/27/2015 12/26/2015 12/25/2015 12/24/2015 12/23/2015 12/22/2015 12/21/2015 12/20/2015 12/19/2015 12/18/2015 12/17/2015 12/16/2015 12/15/2015 12/14/2015 12/13/2015 12/12/2015 12/11/2015 12/10/2015 12/09/2015 12/08/2015 12/07/2015 12/06/2015 12/05/2015 12/04/2015 12/03/2015 12/02/2015 12/01/2015 11/30/2015 11/29/2015 11/28/2015 11/27/2015 11/26/2015 11/25/2015 11/24/2015 11/23/2015 11/22/2015 11/21/2015 11/20/2015 11/19/2015 11/18/2015 11/17/2015 11/16/2015 11/15/2015 11/14/2015 11/13/2015 11/12/2015 11/11/2015 11/10/2015 11/09/2015 11/08/2015 11/07/2015 11/06/2015 11/05/2015 11/04/2015 11/03/2015 11/02/2015 11/01/2015 10/31/2015 10/30/2015 10/29/2015 10/28/2015 10/27/2015 10/26/2015 10/25/2015 10/24/2015 10/23/2015 10/22/2015 10/21/2015 10/20/2015 10/19/2015 10/18/2015 10/17/2015 10/16/2015 10/15/2015 10/14/2015 10/13/2015 10/12/2015 10/11/2015 10/10/2015 10/09/2015 10/08/2015 10/07/2015 10/06/2015 10/05/2015 10/04/2015 10/03/2015 10/02/2015 10/01/2015 09/30/2015 09/29/2015 09/28/2015 09/27/2015 09/26/2015 09/25/2015 09/24/2015 09/23/2015 09/22/2015 09/21/2015 09/20/2015 09/19/2015 09/18/2015 09/17/2015 09/16/2015 09/15/2015 09/14/2015 09/13/2015 09/12/2015 09/11/2015 09/10/2015 09/09/2015 09/08/2015 09/07/2015 09/06/2015 09/05/2015 09/04/2015 09/03/2015 09/02/2015 09/01/2015 08/31/2015 08/30/2015 08/29/2015 08/28/2015 08/27/2015 08/26/2015 08/25/2015 08/24/2015 08/23/2015 08/19/2015 08/18/2015 08/17/2015 08/16/2015 08/15/2015 08/14/2015 08/13/2015 08/12/2015 08/11/2015 08/10/2015 08/09/2015 08/08/2015 08/07/2015 08/06/2015 08/05/2015 08/04/2015 08/03/2015 08/02/2015 08/01/2015 07/31/2015 07/30/2015 07/29/2015 07/28/2015 07/27/2015 07/26/2015 07/25/2015 07/24/2015 07/23/2015 07/22/2015 07/21/2015 07/20/2015 07/19/2015 07/18/2015 07/17/2015 07/16/2015 07/15/2015 07/14/2015 07/13/2015 07/12/2015 07/11/2015 07/10/2015 07/09/2015 07/08/2015 07/07/2015 07/06/2015 07/05/2015 07/04/2015 07/03/2015 07/02/2015 07/01/2015 06/30/2015 06/29/2015 06/28/2015 06/27/2015 06/26/2015 06/25/2015 06/24/2015 06/23/2015 06/22/2015 06/21/2015 06/20/2015 06/19/2015 06/18/2015 06/17/2015 06/16/2015 06/15/2015 06/14/2015 06/13/2015 06/12/2015 06/11/2015 06/10/2015 06/09/2015 06/08/2015 06/07/2015 06/06/2015 06/05/2015 06/04/2015 06/03/2015 06/02/2015 06/01/2015 05/31/2015 05/30/2015 05/29/2015 05/28/2015 05/27/2015 05/26/2015 05/25/2015 05/24/2015 05/23/2015 05/22/2015 05/21/2015 05/20/2015 05/19/2015 05/18/2015 05/17/2015 05/16/2015 05/15/2015 05/14/2015 05/13/2015 05/12/2015 05/11/2015 05/10/2015 05/09/2015 05/08/2015 05/07/2015 05/06/2015 05/05/2015 05/04/2015 05/03/2015 05/02/2015 05/01/2015 04/30/2015 04/29/2015 04/28/2015 04/27/2015 04/26/2015 04/25/2015 04/24/2015 04/23/2015 04/22/2015 04/21/2015 04/20/2015 04/19/2015 04/18/2015 04/17/2015 04/16/2015 04/15/2015 04/14/2015 04/13/2015 04/12/2015 04/11/2015 04/10/2015 04/09/2015 04/08/2015 04/07/2015 04/06/2015 04/05/2015 04/04/2015 04/03/2015 04/02/2015 04/01/2015 03/31/2015 03/30/2015 03/29/2015 03/28/2015 03/27/2015 03/26/2015 03/25/2015 03/24/2015 03/23/2015 03/22/2015 03/21/2015 03/20/2015 03/19/2015 03/18/2015 03/17/2015 03/16/2015 03/15/2015 03/14/2015 03/13/2015 03/12/2015 03/11/2015 03/10/2015 03/09/2015 03/08/2015 03/07/2015 03/06/2015 03/05/2015 03/04/2015 03/03/2015 03/02/2015 03/01/2015 02/28/2015 02/27/2015 02/26/2015 02/25/2015 02/24/2015 02/23/2015 02/22/2015 02/21/2015 02/20/2015 02/19/2015 02/18/2015 02/17/2015 02/16/2015 02/15/2015 02/14/2015 02/13/2015 02/12/2015 02/11/2015 02/10/2015 02/09/2015 02/08/2015 02/07/2015 02/06/2015 02/05/2015 02/04/2015 02/03/2015 02/02/2015 02/01/2015 01/31/2015 01/30/2015 01/29/2015 01/28/2015 01/27/2015 01/26/2015 01/25/2015 01/24/2015 01/23/2015 01/22/2015 01/21/2015 01/20/2015 01/19/2015 01/18/2015 01/17/2015 01/16/2015 01/15/2015 01/14/2015 01/13/2015 01/12/2015 01/11/2015 01/10/2015 01/09/2015 01/08/2015 01/07/2015 01/06/2015 01/05/2015 01/04/2015 01/03/2015 01/02/2015 01/01/2015 12/31/2014 12/30/2014 12/29/2014 12/28/2014 12/27/2014 12/26/2014 12/25/2014 12/24/2014 12/23/2014 12/22/2014 12/21/2014 12/20/2014 12/19/2014 12/18/2014 12/17/2014 12/16/2014 12/15/2014 12/14/2014 12/13/2014 12/12/2014 12/11/2014 12/10/2014 12/09/2014 12/08/2014 12/07/2014 12/06/2014 12/05/2014 12/04/2014 12/03/2014 12/02/2014 12/01/2014 11/30/2014 11/29/2014 11/28/2014 11/27/2014 11/26/2014 11/25/2014 11/24/2014 11/23/2014 11/22/2014 11/21/2014 11/20/2014 11/19/2014 11/18/2014 11/17/2014 11/16/2014 11/15/2014 11/14/2014 11/13/2014 11/12/2014 11/11/2014 11/10/2014 11/09/2014 11/08/2014 11/07/2014 11/06/2014 11/05/2014 11/04/2014 11/03/2014 11/02/2014 11/01/2014 10/31/2014 10/30/2014 10/29/2014 10/28/2014 10/27/2014 10/26/2014 10/25/2014 10/24/2014 10/23/2014 10/22/2014 10/21/2014 10/20/2014 10/19/2014 10/18/2014 10/17/2014 10/16/2014 10/15/2014 10/14/2014 10/13/2014 10/12/2014 10/11/2014 10/10/2014 10/09/2014 10/08/2014 10/07/2014 10/06/2014 10/05/2014 10/04/2014 10/03/2014 10/02/2014 10/01/2014 09/30/2014 09/29/2014 09/28/2014 09/27/2014 09/26/2014 09/25/2014 09/24/2014 09/23/2014 09/22/2014 09/21/2014 09/20/2014 09/19/2014 09/18/2014 09/17/2014 09/16/2014 09/15/2014 09/14/2014 09/13/2014 09/12/2014 09/11/2014 09/10/2014 09/09/2014 09/08/2014 09/07/2014 09/06/2014 09/05/2014 09/04/2014 09/03/2014 09/02/2014 09/01/2014 08/31/2014 08/30/2014 08/29/2014 08/28/2014 08/27/2014 08/26/2014 08/25/2014 08/24/2014 08/23/2014 08/22/2014 08/21/2014 08/20/2014 08/19/2014 08/18/2014 08/17/2014 08/16/2014 08/15/2014 08/14/2014 08/13/2014 08/12/2014 08/11/2014 08/10/2014 08/09/2014 08/08/2014 08/07/2014 08/06/2014 08/05/2014 08/04/2014 08/03/2014 08/02/2014 08/01/2014 07/31/2014 07/30/2014 07/29/2014 07/28/2014 07/27/2014 07/26/2014 07/25/2014 07/24/2014 07/23/2014 07/22/2014 07/21/2014 07/20/2014 07/19/2014 07/18/2014 07/17/2014 07/16/2014 07/15/2014 07/14/2014 07/13/2014 07/12/2014 07/11/2014 07/10/2014 07/09/2014 07/08/2014 07/07/2014 07/06/2014 07/05/2014 07/04/2014 07/03/2014 07/02/2014 07/01/2014 06/30/2014 06/29/2014 06/28/2014 06/27/2014 06/26/2014 06/25/2014 06/24/2014 06/23/2014 06/22/2014 06/21/2014 06/20/2014 06/19/2014 06/18/2014 06/17/2014 06/16/2014 06/15/2014 06/14/2014 06/13/2014 06/12/2014 06/11/2014 06/10/2014 06/09/2014 06/08/2014 06/07/2014 06/06/2014 06/05/2014 06/04/2014 06/03/2014 06/02/2014 06/01/2014 05/31/2014 05/30/2014 05/29/2014 05/28/2014 05/27/2014 05/26/2014 05/25/2014 05/24/2014 05/23/2014 05/22/2014 05/21/2014 05/20/2014 05/19/2014 05/18/2014 05/17/2014 05/16/2014 05/15/2014 05/14/2014 05/13/2014 05/12/2014 05/11/2014 05/10/2014 05/09/2014 05/08/2014 05/07/2014 05/06/2014 05/05/2014 05/04/2014 05/03/2014 05/02/2014 05/01/2014 04/30/2014 04/29/2014 04/28/2014 04/27/2014 04/26/2014 04/25/2014 04/24/2014 04/23/2014 04/22/2014 04/21/2014 04/20/2014 04/19/2014 04/18/2014 04/17/2014 04/16/2014 04/15/2014 04/14/2014 04/13/2014 04/12/2014 04/11/2014 04/10/2014 04/09/2014 04/08/2014 04/07/2014 04/06/2014 04/05/2014 04/04/2014 04/03/2014 04/02/2014 04/01/2014 03/31/2014 03/30/2014 03/29/2014 03/28/2014 03/27/2014 03/26/2014 03/25/2014 03/24/2014 03/23/2014 03/22/2014 03/21/2014 03/20/2014 03/19/2014 03/18/2014 03/17/2014 03/16/2014 03/15/2014 03/14/2014 03/13/2014 03/12/2014 03/11/2014 03/05/2014 03/01/2014 02/27/2014 02/26/2014 02/25/2014 02/20/2014 02/19/2014