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Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Fueled by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Caused by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox

According to a recent study by researchers from the University of Tulsa and Tel Aviv University, the massive increase in the bitcoin price in late 2013 was caused by suspicious trading activity on the now-defunct Mt. Gox Bitcoin exchange. The study, which is titled “Price Manipulation in the Bitcoin Ecosystem,” indicates that 600,000 bitcoins were acquired by agents who did not pay for them, and the bitcoin price rose by an average of $20 on days when the suspicious trading activity took place.

“Based on rigorous analysis with extensive robustness checks, we conclude that the suspicious trading activity caused the unprecedented spike in the USD-BTC exchange rate in late 2013, when the rate jumped from around $150 to more than $1,000 in two months,” the study states.

At the center of the study is the infamous Willy bot that was first publicized on a Wordpress blog back in May of 2014.

The paper details the data used for the study, identifies the suspicious trading activity and notes that these sorts of manipulative practices may still be possible today, especially in the altcoin markets.

The Data Used for the Study

This study regarding price manipulation in the Bitcoin markets is based on a data leak of CSV files that included the trading activity on Mt. Gox from April 2011 to November 2013. The researchers behind the study then supplemented that data with more information from bitcoincharts.com.

“We performed additional sanity checks of the data utilizing publicly available historical Mt. Gox trading data from bitcoincharts.[com],” reads the report. “We are confident that the data are high-quality.”

Suspicious Trading Activity

In the leaked data, the report notes that there are suspicious accounts in which the country and state fields are filled in as “??” Many red flags are then found upon further inspection of these accounts.

In the case of one account dubbed “Markus,” the report states that no trading fees are paid and the prices on trades are seemingly random.

“In the end, we have concluded that Markus did not actually pay for the bitcoins he acquired; rather, his account was fraudulently credited with claimed bitcoins that almost certainly were not backed by real coins,” states the report. “Furthermore, because transactions were duplicated, no legitimate Mt. Gox customer received the fiat currency Markus supposedly paid to acquire the coins.”

According to the study, Markus acquired a total of 335,898 bitcoins in the 225 days the account was active.

Screenshot 2017-07-10 at 8.11.23 PM.png

Another entity noted by the study is known as “Willy”; however, Willy controlled many different accounts. According to the study, Willy appeared roughly seven hours after Markus became inactive.

The data cited by the report indicates that Willy would purchase 10–19 bitcoins at a time until an amount equal to $2.5 million worth of bitcoins had been purchased. Willy would then make a new account and repeat the process.

The study notes that there are indications that the owner of the Willy accounts was a Mt. Gox insider. For example, Willy was able to trade while the Mt. Gox API was offline, and the user ID numbers used by Willy were high for the time period they existed.

The study on price manipulation in the Bitcoin ecosystem indicates that Willy acquired 268,132 bitcoins in exchange for $112 million. Much like Markus, Willy did not actually pay for his bitcoins.

“Hence, together, these unauthorized traders ‘acquired’ around 600,000 bitcoins by November 2013,” says the study. “Perhaps unsurprisingly, this is very close to the number of bitcoins (650,000) that Mt. Gox claimed to have lost when it folded in early 2014.”

According to the study, Markus accounts for 12 percent and Willy accounts for 6 percent of the total trade volume on the four major Bitcoin exchanges on the days they were active.

In addition to the possibility of an inside job, the study also notes that an early Bitcoin adopter could have artificially driven up the bitcoin price via a security vulnerability on the exchange in an effort to increase the value of his or her own holdings.

“We do not know for sure which, if either, of these scenarios reflect what actually happened,” says the report. “But that is largely beside the point. Our goal is to demonstrate that these fraudulent trades did in fact significantly impact the price of bitcoin.”

According to the New York Times, former Mt. Gox CEO Mark Karpeles admitted to operating the Willy bot in a Japanese court on Tuesday.

Altcoins Open to Manipulation

The researchers behind the study indicate that the importance of price manipulation in digital asset markets will increase as this technology continues to go mainstream. The study indicates that many altcoins are open to this same kind of price manipulation right now.

“Similar to the bitcoin market in 2013 (the period we examine), markets for these other crytocurrencies are very thin,” says the report. “Our analysis suggests that manipulation is quite feasible in such settings.”

Civic CEO Vinny Lingham shared a similar sentiment during a recent talk where he compared altcoins to pump-and-dump penny stocks. “With altcoins, [pump-and-dump schemes] are super easy,” said Lingham.

“Regulators may want to begin taking an active oversight role as the Bitcoin ecosystem becomes more integrated into international finance and payment systems,” concludes the study.

The post Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Fueled by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Fueled by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Caused by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox

According to a recent study by researchers from the University of Tulsa and Tel Aviv University, the massive increase in the bitcoin price in late 2013 was caused by suspicious trading activity on the now-defunct Mt. Gox Bitcoin exchange. The study, which is titled “Price Manipulation in the Bitcoin Ecosystem,” indicates that 600,000 bitcoins were acquired by agents who did not pay for them, and the bitcoin price rose by an average of $20 on days when the suspicious trading activity took place.

“Based on rigorous analysis with extensive robustness checks, we conclude that the suspicious trading activity caused the unprecedented spike in the USD-BTC exchange rate in late 2013, when the rate jumped from around $150 to more than $1,000 in two months,” the study states.

At the center of the study is the infamous Willy bot that was first publicized on a Wordpress blog back in May of 2014.

The paper details the data used for the study, identifies the suspicious trading activity and notes that these sorts of manipulative practices may still be possible today, especially in the altcoin markets.

The Data Used for the Study

This study regarding price manipulation in the Bitcoin markets is based on a data leak of CSV files that included the trading activity on Mt. Gox from April 2011 to November 2013. The researchers behind the study then supplemented that data with more information from bitcoincharts.com.

“We performed additional sanity checks of the data utilizing publicly available historical Mt. Gox trading data from bitcoincharts.[com],” reads the report. “We are confident that the data are high-quality.”

Suspicious Trading Activity

In the leaked data, the report notes that there are suspicious accounts in which the country and state fields are filled in as “??” Many red flags are then found upon further inspection of these accounts.

In the case of one account dubbed “Markus,” the report states that no trading fees are paid and the prices on trades are seemingly random.

“In the end, we have concluded that Markus did not actually pay for the bitcoins he acquired; rather, his account was fraudulently credited with claimed bitcoins that almost certainly were not backed by real coins,” states the report. “Furthermore, because transactions were duplicated, no legitimate Mt. Gox customer received the fiat currency Markus supposedly paid to acquire the coins.”

According to the study, Markus acquired a total of 335,898 bitcoins in the 225 days the account was active.

Screenshot 2017-07-10 at 8.11.23 PM.png

Another entity noted by the study is known as “Willy”; however, Willy controlled many different accounts. According to the study, Willy appeared roughly seven hours after Markus became inactive.

The data cited by the report indicates that Willy would purchase 10–19 bitcoins at a time until an amount equal to $2.5 million worth of bitcoins had been purchased. Willy would then make a new account and repeat the process.

The study notes that there are indications that the owner of the Willy accounts was a Mt. Gox insider. For example, Willy was able to trade while the Mt. Gox API was offline, and the user ID numbers used by Willy were high for the time period they existed.

The study on price manipulation in the Bitcoin ecosystem indicates that Willy acquired 268,132 bitcoins in exchange for $112 million. Much like Markus, Willy did not actually pay for his bitcoins.

“Hence, together, these unauthorized traders ‘acquired’ around 600,000 bitcoins by November 2013,” says the study. “Perhaps unsurprisingly, this is very close to the number of bitcoins (650,000) that Mt. Gox claimed to have lost when it folded in early 2014.”

According to the study, Markus accounts for 12 percent and Willy accounts for 6 percent of the total trade volume on the four major Bitcoin exchanges on the days they were active.

In addition to the possibility of an inside job, the study also notes that an early Bitcoin adopter could have artificially driven up the bitcoin price via a security vulnerability on the exchange in an effort to increase the value of his or her own holdings.

“We do not know for sure which, if either, of these scenarios reflect what actually happened,” says the report. “But that is largely beside the point. Our goal is to demonstrate that these fraudulent trades did in fact significantly impact the price of bitcoin.”

According to the New York Times, former Mt. Gox CEO Mark Karpeles admitted to operating the Willy bot in a Japanese court on Tuesday.

Altcoins Open to Manipulation

The researchers behind the study indicate that the importance of price manipulation in digital asset markets will increase as this technology continues to go mainstream. The study indicates that many altcoins are open to this same kind of price manipulation right now.

“Similar to the bitcoin market in 2013 (the period we examine), markets for these other crytocurrencies are very thin,” says the report. “Our analysis suggests that manipulation is quite feasible in such settings.”

Civic CEO Vinny Lingham shared a similar sentiment during a recent talk where he compared altcoins to pump-and-dump penny stocks. “With altcoins, [pump-and-dump schemes] are super easy,” said Lingham.

“Regulators may want to begin taking an active oversight role as the Bitcoin ecosystem becomes more integrated into international finance and payment systems,” concludes the study.

The post Study: Late 2013 Bitcoin Bubble Fueled by Suspicious Trading Activity on Mt. Gox appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Op Ed: Why SegWit2x Makes No Sense

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Op-ed: Why SegWit2x Makes No Sense

A number of Bitcoin companies and miners have agreed to run code that will implement a hard-forking increase to the non-witness data in blocks roughly three months after the activation of Segregated Witness (SegWit). According to some of its proponents, the proposal, known as SegWit2x, is said to be the only viable solution to the Bitcoin scaling debate.

However, agreeing to initiate a hard fork without knowing how speculators will react to such a change comes with risks. If there is not full support for the hard fork from bitcoin holders, the end result could be a split of Bitcoin into two separate cryptocurrency networks, which could cause extreme brand confusion among the general public (depending on the severity of the split).

In addition to the potential risks of a permanent split of the community, SegWit2x also ignores tools that could be used to get the intended benefits of this particular hard-forking increase to capacity without the possibility of a network split.

Perhaps most troubling, SegWit2x ignores the reasons as to why Bitcoin is useful in the first place.

Speculators Call the Shots

While the original Medium post regarding the New York Agreement claimed the signatories accounted for $5.1 billion worth of monthly on-chain transaction volume (more than half of the entire network for April), the general view of SegWit2x from bitcoin holders is unclear at this time. Companies representing large amounts of bitcoin holdings (Digital Currency Group, Coinbase, Xapo, etc.) have signed onto the agreement as well, but we have yet to see speculators have the chance to set a price for the hard-forked chain.

As of now, the hard-fork portion of SegWit2x appears to be contentious, which means exchanges are likely to list both the original chain and the chain with a hard-forking increase to the block size limit. Companies that take custody of their users’ bitcoins will need to allow their users to withdraw both coins.

Although more than 80 percent of the network hashrate has agreed to run the SegWit2x code, it’s possible that speculators will prefer the non-hard fork chain. It’s also possible that a futures market could illustrate this point before the hard fork takes place.

Of course, miners could decide to mine at a loss and not listen to the market, which would theoretically go against the incentives of the Bitcoin system. If miners abandon the chain preferred by users, it’s possible that a proof-of-work change will be needed, as faith in the current miners may be lost.

Such a scenario could be disastrous for Bitcoin, which means miners (and everyone else in the ecosystem) should be incentivized to avoid it. But we’ll have to see what happens.

If These Companies Control Bitcoin, Then a Public Blockchain is Not Needed

The point of Bitcoin is that it allows everyone to have full control over their money without the need for a trusted third party. There is no third party in Bitcoin because no one controls the consensus rules. If someone is in control of Bitcoin’s consensus rules, then they’ve effectively become the third party that the system was designed to avoid in the first place.

With the New York Agreement, the signatories are basically saying they control the rules of Bitcoin (or at least the fork of Bitcoin that they’ve all agreed to run). If that’s the case, then the need for a public blockchain is less clear. Users would effectively be trusting these institutions with the rules of the system and ordering of transactions because they could decide to completely change the rules via a hard fork at any point in time. If the system is no longer trustless, Sybil attacks on the state of the blockchain can be thwarted by having trusted entities sign blocks rather than miners.

With that in mind, it may make more sense to launch a federated sidechain pegged to Bitcoin’s main chain instead of trying to turn the main chain into a trusted system. This would allow the main chain to retain Bitcoin’s core value proposition of permissionless money while the sidechain can process the microtransactions these companies desire.

The signatories of the New York Agreement could become the functionaries of the sidechain, where they’d control the consensus rules and sign blocks. This sort of setup makes much more sense if users are supposed to trust these entities anyway. A much more efficient transaction network can be created when proof-of-work and decentralization are thrown out the window.

In fact, this is exactly what Blockstream’s Liquid sidechain is supposed to achieve early next year. Ironically, some of the signers of the New York Agreement are supposed to be participants in Blockstream’s upcoming federated sidechain.

If there are no goals for SegWit2x other than increasing capacity on the Bitcoin network, then a federated sidechain is a much better alternative. There’s no risk of a chain split, capacity can be increased exponentially higher than the twofold increase offered by the hard-fork portion of SegWit2x, and other features, such as Confidential Transactions and faster block times, can also be implemented.

Put in this perspective, SegWit2x is completely nonsensical. I’m not sure what the New York Agreement will lead to over the next few months, but it appears to be unnecessarily risky.

This article is a guest post by Kyle Torpey. It does not necessarily reflect the views of BTC Media or Bitcoin Magazine.

The post Op Ed: Why SegWit2x Makes No Sense appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

STOCKS REBOUND: Here's what you need to know

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

bounce trampolineStocks slid then bounced back after Donald Trump Jr. released emails showing he hoped to get dirt on Hillary Clinton in an arranged meeting with a Russian attorney in 2016. 

The S&P 500 financials index fell the most, by more than 1%. Companies paying the most taxes fell as much as 0.8% before paring that loss. 

Here's the final scoreboard: 

  • Dow: 21,420.27 +11.75 (0.05%)
  • S&P 500: 2,425.64 -1.79 (-0.07%)
  • Nasdaq: 6,193.30 +16.91 (0.27%)
  • 10-year yield: 2.361%, -0.010
  1. Morgan Stanley changed its tune on Snap. The lead underwriter for the IPO cut its price target and said in a note, "We have been wrong about SNAP's ability to innovate and improve its ad product this year ..."
  2. Blue Apron received its first Wall Street analyst rating: $2 a share. The stock opened at $10 at its IPOChuck Cerankosky of Northcoast Research said sales growth at Blue Apron is dependent on discounts and isn't sustainable.
  3. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he will delay the start of the typically month-long August recess by two weeks to try to finish work on the GOP healthcare bill and other legislative items. The Better Care Reconciliation Act has stalled as members from the conservative and moderate wings of the GOP are unable to agree on key elements.
  4. PepsiCo beat on quarterly earnings. The company was helped by higher pricing of its sodas and snack foods sold in North America and the sale of its minority stake in British bottler Britvic Plc.

Additionally: 

DIMON: Central bankers are facing an unprecedented and potentially 'disruptive' challenge

The Fed’s plan to shrink its $4.5 trillion balance sheet leaves open 2 crucial issues

Red-hot tech stocks could be derailed by the Fed

One of Trump's best-sounding proposals to control drug pricing is a dud

BLACKROCK: The bitcoin chart looks 'pretty scary'

These are the Amazon Prime Day deals worth caring about this year

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: An economist explains the key issues that Trump needs to address to boost the economy

Immature Code or Good Test? Bitcoin Scaling Proposal Segwit2x's Testnet Forks

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

SegWit2x's testnet fork brings criticism, yet its developers claim the problem won't be replicated by the live deployment.

Source

Moscow's Blockchain Hackathon Reflects Booming Blockchain Industry in Russia

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Moscow's Blockchain Hackathon Reflects Booming Blockchain Industry in Russia

Since Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed interest in Ethereum at his meeting with Vitalik Buterin at the World Economic Forum held in St. Petersburg, the blockchain industry in Russia has been quick to heat up. The Blockchain & Bitcoin Conference in Saint Petersburg was held in June, followed immediately by a blockchain-focused hackathon called BlockchainHack in Moscow, with 150 people in attendance competing for $100,000 worth of cryptocurrency.   

The hackathon took place at the Paveletsky Art Center, a massive building in downtown Moscow that has become the de facto hub for blockchain technology in Russia, with an increasing number of blockchain developers and enthusiasts who work out of it. The event was jointly organized by BTC Media, Qtum, Zerion, Waves, the Token Fund and Blockchain School, with additional support from the community in Russia.

The teams presented ambitious demos with winning topics including a mobile application to track and invest into ICOs; an arbitration service based on smart contracts and a reputation system; facial recognition software to determine what ICOs and blockchain projects a blockchain developer has been involved in and is currently active with; among others.

The winning team, Wafer, presented a demo and vision of creating a distributed Wi-Fi network using blockchain technology. They effectively allow routers to sell traffic without being tied to a particular software on the device. It uses smart contracts to ensure that users all pay for their traffic and that a user is guaranteed to get access to the internet after payment.

Qtum was the largest sponsor of the hackathon, and with members of the Qtum Foundation in attendance, many of the developers deployed their applications to Ethereum as well as Qtum. Qtum is a hybrid blockchain that merges the UTXO transaction model of Bitcoin with the EVM on Ethereum. It began as a fork of Bitcoin and the team added in an abstraction layer to integrate the EVM, ultimately allowing any developer tool built for Ethereum to also be available on Qtum, including Solidity smart contracts and Web3. Because of this, many of the decentralized applications presented were built on Ethereum as well as deployed to the Qtum testnet.

Prize money was awarded in Qtum tokens, Waves tokens and ether (ETH): as the grand prize winner, Wafer took home 5,000 Qtum tokens, valued at over $50,000. Qtum also awarded two other teams with 2,500 and 1,000 tokens for second and third prize.

Waves awarded their top three picks with 500 Waves, 300 Waves and 100 Waves, respectively. The winning Waves team developed a platform that uses facial recognition software for investors to quickly determine which ICO projects a person has been involved in.

The winning project in the Ethereum category, as selected by Zerion, created an interface for investors to quickly invest in multiple ICOs, and was awarded 10 ETH.

Patrick Dai, the cofounder of the Qtum project, said to Bitcoin Magazine, “We can see why this was the largest blockchain hackathon in Russia. Lots of developers brought new ideas to the table. We want to promote these projects that can bring the world closer together and spur innovation. We think that’s the purpose of blockchain technology, and it’s our purpose at Qtum.”

Alex Bash, one of the cofounders of Zerion, told Bitcoin Magazine, “I personally was really inspired by the idea of Wafer, a team that implemented a protocol that allows users and routers to share internet [access]. Their idea is based on smart contracts that guarantee the fair prices and conditions for both parties. Also the Lapti team who developed a product that processes various cryptocurrencies, generates a hot wallet for each user and aggregates their payments to a single wallet after collection of statistics and analytics.”

Every one of the 25 teams that participated presented a demo of the software they had created over the weekend.

“Overall, I think it’s a good result for the hackathon, that most of the teams not only came up with interesting ideas, but developed real products and solutions during the weekend,” said Bash.

Rodion Mikhalev, the director of the Blockchain Education Network in Russia, attended both the conference in Saint Petersburg and the hackathon in Moscow. He said that he expects the community in Russia will continue to grow very quickly.

“The Russian Government approved the entire concept of cryptocurrencies a few weeks ago, and a new industry in Russia has been unleashed surrounding blockchain technology,” Mikhalev told Bitcoin Magazine. “At the hackathon, we witnessed something new and extraordinary: a combination of smarts and digital innovation and a sense that through the evolution of blockchain technology, we will see Russia quickly rise as a powerhouse in the tech world. There will be a lot of positive products and services adapted to blockchain technology at a rapid pace.”

What happens next in regard to blockchain development in Russia remains to be seen, as there are still few blockchain companies that operate in the country. One thing we can be certain of though is that the technology is now high on their radar.

The post Moscow's Blockchain Hackathon Reflects Booming Blockchain Industry in Russia appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

AlphaBay Went Down a Week Ago: Customers Looking for Alternatives

Bitcoin Magazine, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

It's Been a Week Since AlphaBay Went Down: Here's Where Customers Are Going Instead

AlphaBay, the most popular market on the dark net, has been offline since July 4. Since the administrators of the website failed to issue an official statement about the current issues, many users are suspecting an exit scam. The absence of AlphaBay has since resulted in users looking for alternative underground marketplaces.

AlphaBay is infamous for being a site where vendors sell all kinds of goods, including illegal ones such as drugs, weapons and stolen financial credentials. There have been previous downtimes at the market; however, since neither the admins, nor the moderators have stated the actual cause of the issue, many users are suspecting an exit scam. An “exit scam” is when either a seller or an illicit marketplace decides to close down shop and make off with the funds (held in escrow) of clients and customers. In March 2015, Evolution Marketplaceone of the largest underground markets at the time — left with the funds of its users, cashing out an estimated 40,000 BTC worth approximately $12 million at the time (as of today, the BTC would be valued at $102 million).

“Trappy,” who is considered the main contact person for AlphaBay, submitted a post on Reddit on July 5 claiming he is in touch with the admins of the dark web marketplace; however, he did not specify the reasons why the market is down. The moderator also warned the users about the dangers that can ensue when a marketplace is offline, such as increased phishing activity in an attempt to steal the cryptocurrencies of misled buyers and sellers.

“I have been in touch with our devs and admins and they are working to restore AlphaBay as soon as possible. As I have said before, during downtimes, there are added risks that you should understand and be wary of,” Trappy wrote on the /r/DarkNetMarkets subreddit.

However, many users were not satisfied with the moderator’s post. There are plenty of posts with various theories speculating as to why the market has gone down. One user, “Artificial93,” claimed he followed the trail of his bitcoin address on AlphaBay, which pointed to a BTC wallet receiving large amounts of cryptocurrency in the past few days while the marketplace was down. Dark web users also spotted a large bitcoin transaction (1,479 BTC valued at $3.8 million) conducted on July 5. Because of this transaction, more users accused AlphaBay of executing an exit scam. On the other hand, “SarahLKJSGDHF” made a separate post on Reddit in an attempt to calm the community down and call for rationality.

“Yes, [the Bitcoin transaction is] large, and yes, it looks suspicious. But until someone can actually confirm that it's linked to AB, it's really just that — a large bitcoin transaction. The timing, admittedly, does fit,” the user wrote on the /r/AlphaBayMarket subreddit. “People have always screamed ‘exit scam’ in the past, and they've always been wrong. And I really hope this turns out the same.”

“XanaxBoss,” a verified vendor on the /r/DarkNetMarkets subreddit, speculated that the reason for the downtime is connected to a law enforcement operation in Quebec, Canada, where authorities raided two separate locations “in connection to a worldwide network with [the] sale of illicit products on the Dark Web.” In the police action — where the FBI was also involved — investigators were searching for computer equipment. According to XanaxBoss, the reason why AlphaBay is down at the moment is that one of their servers was seized in Quebec which they are trying to restore.

“The FBI didn't bust the market as a whole like they did for Silk Road because Alphabay is much bigger than Silk Road ever was, so it would be logical to believe Alphabay is operating through several servers in different areas of the world. Maybe the FBI just seized one of the mirror servers of Alphabay in Quebec, and there are many other servers located around the world. It would explain the ‘worldwide’ aspect of the FBI's ongoing investigation that is talked about in the article. I believe right now the ‘updates’ promised by Trappy and Bigmuscles are actually Alphabay's bosses attempting to secure the rest of their network and replace Quebec’s seized server,” XanaxBoss wrote.

Until either law enforcement or the administrators verify any of these claims, they all remain speculation. The only fact we know is that AlphaBay is still down.

Since the largest dark web marketplace went down, AlphaBay users have been looking for alternative markets. On Reddit, there appear to be multiple posts suggesting Hansa Market as a viable alternative because of the high security the website provides. In addition, the moderator (AlphaBay_mod) for the AlphaBay subreddit has suggested that Hansa admins are unlikely to be able to conduct an exit scam since the “money is never kept by Hansa.” The AlphaBay alternative has also eliminated a sticking point for AlphaBay users: finalizing early (FE). In FE listings, the customers have to send the payment directly to the vendors without escrow. This practice has resulted in numerous scams in the dark web community.

Because of the “high influx” of AlphaBay users joining Hansa, the marketplace closed down registrations for a while. In an update to the Reddit topic, AlphaBay_mod hasadvised the community to use the Dream Market since “it seems the only decent market for new users.”

The post AlphaBay Went Down a Week Ago: Customers Looking for Alternatives appeared first on Bitcoin Magazine.

Mt Gox CEO Mark Karpeles Pleads Not Guilty to Embezzlement

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Mark Karpeles, CEO of collapsed bitcoin exchange Mt Gox, pleaded not guilty in court to charges of embezzlement and data manipulation today.

Source

Ethereum is making a big comeback

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Ethereum is making a big comeback. The cryptocurrency tumbled more than 15% to a low of $175.38 an ether in early action on Monday. It has since erased nearly all of those losses and is down 3.65% at $202. 

Tuesday's slide below the $200 level was the first time the cryptocurrency was below that since the end of May/early June. Ethereum tumbled about 10% on Monday

The cryptocurrency had gained close to 4,800% from the beginning of the year through June 14 thanks to a rise in popularity of so-called "Initial Coin Offerings" — a money-raising method that uses Ethereum's network. But, talk of a cryptocurrency bubble has put pressure on prices as of late.  

First, tech billionaire Mark Cuban suggested, Ethereum's rival, bitcoin, was in a bubble. "I think it's in a bubble. I just don't know when or how much it corrects," he tweeted. "When everyone is bragging about how easy they are making $=bubble."

Additionally, Jeffrey Kleintop, Charles Schwab's chief global investment strategist, suggested bitcoin was in a bubble unlike any we had ever seen before.

Since topping out near $395 in the middle of June, Ethereum has fallen almost 50%. It's still up 2,353% in 2017.

Ethereum

 

SEE ALSO: GOLDMAN SACHS: Bitcoin could see a big drop then surge to almost $4,000

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: An economist explains what could happen if Trump pulls the US out of NAFTA

Delta's rivals strike back after the airline posted a video attacking Middle Eastern carriers (DAL, JBLU, UPS)

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Delta Boeing 757

Late last month, Delta Air Lines posted a video on its public relations website attacking Emirates, Etihad, and Qatar Airways.

Now, the airline's rivals have hit back at Delta with an economic impact study and an attack ad of their own.

The long-running feud between America's three legacy carriers their Middle Eastern rivals continues to be most the volatile and heated business dispute in recent memory.

Here's the shorthand version of the feud: Since 2015, American, Delta, and United Airlines (the US3) have been complaining about competition from three huge and fast-growing Middle East-based rivals — Emirates, Etihad, and Qatar Airways (the ME3).

The US3's position, which is succinctly explained in Delta's 15-minute-long video, argues that the ME3's growth has been fueled by more than $50 billion in subsidies over the past decade. As a result, they believe this allows the ME3 to flood the international market with un-sustainably low prices designed to drive out competitors and threaten the job security of US aviation workers.

"They're taking our jobs, they're taking our markets, and over time, they want to take over international flying," Delta CEO Ed Bastian said of the ME3 in the video.

Delta and its allies believe the playing field is inherently unbalanced and that it is unfair to expect a private company to compete against the resources of a national government.

As a result, they also say the ME3 are in violation of the Open Skies agreements that govern air travel between the US and 120 nations including the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. The US3 has asked the Trump Administration to re-examine the Open Skies agreements with the UAE and Qatar while prohibiting any further expansion into the US by the ME3.

ME3 and Co. Responds

Infographic Emirates_ Economic Impact in the US

In reaction, Emirates released a study on Monday claiming the airline's activities generated $21.3 billion worth of economic impact in the US during 2015. The report by Virginia-based consulting firm Campbell-Hill Aviation Group posits that Emirates' activities, directly and indirectly, supported more than 104,000 jobs in the US that year.

Emirates, while closely associated with the government of the Dubai, has always maintained that it is an independent profit driven enterprise. In an interview with the Business Insider earlier this year, the airline's president, Sir Tim Clark, called the US3's unrelenting campaign against his company as "infantile".

Also on Monday, US Airlines for Open Skies (USAOS) released a new 30-second attack ad calling for the Trump Administration to ignore the US3's demands which they characterize as merely an attempt to limit competition. The group whose members include JetBlue, Hawaiian Airlines, UPS, and Atlas Air believe the US3's actions put US airlines operating in the UAE and Qatar at risk for retaliatory actions. In fact, the USAOS believes the US3's campaign will destabilize the whole network of more than 100 Open Skies agreements that support hundreds of thousands of US jobs while saving consumers $4 billion annually in airfares.

The presence of USAOS represents a faction of the US aviation industry that operates in an environment very different from the nation's three remaining legacy carriers. UPS and Atlas Air are two of the world's largest international freight carriers with major operations in the Middle East and around the world. Although they do depend Open Skies agreements to do business around the world, they are not in direct route competition with the ME3. 

While most major US airlines, including American and Delta, benefit from direct business dealings with the ME3 and their subsidiaries, JetBlue is the most open about it. The New York-based boutique airline is a major partner for Emirates and takes on much of the airline's connecting traffic within the US.

In 2016, JetBlue was awarded a Fly America Act contract for all US government travel to Dubai as well as between New York and Milan, Italy. Since JetBlue does not operate any long haul international routes, all of its Fly America passengers will actually travel on Emirates planes. 

Delta Air Lines declined to comment on the matter and instead referred Business Insider to the Partnership for Open & Fair Skies, the lobbying organization representing the US3 in the dispute. The Partnership did not immediately respond to our request for comment. 

Here's Delta's video in its entirety:

SEE ALSO: The 16 coolest airline paint jobs in the world

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Bitcoin Hedge Fund Director: ICOs Are Having a 'Eureka' Moment

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The director of a well-known bitcoin hedge fund has opened up about his views on the future of initial coin offerings.

Source

UK Central Bank Tests Ripple’s Interledger Protocol for Cross-Border Payments

CoinDesk, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

The UK’s central bank has released new details about a proof-of-concept it has developed in partbership with distributed ledger startup Ripple.

Source

Cryptocurrency Ethereum is crashing

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

LONDON — Ethereum's price crash has extended to a second day, with the cryptocurrency down more than 15% in early trade on Tuesday.

Ethereum and bitcoin have both rallied strongly since the start of the year, with Ethereum rising over 5,000% from around $8 in January to a high of over $400 on June 13. The cryptocurrency has been boosted by the rise in popularity of so-called "Initial Coin Offerings" — a money-raising method that uses Ethereum's network.

However, Ethereum fell around 10% on Monday amid talk of a potential price bubble. It is down just over 15% against the dollar to $ at 8.47 a.m. BST (3.47 a.m. ET):

ethereum

Mati Greenspan, a market analyst with trading platform eToro, told Business Insider over the phone on Tuesday morning that the crash has been "a long time coming."

"Anything that goes up that far, that fast has to have some sort of correction," Greenspan said.

Greenspan said: "Currently on the mind is ICOs. We've been seeing a lot of money get ridiculous amounts of money."

Startups, some at an incredibly early stage, have raised over $1 billion so far this year issuing new digital currencies that have been created using the Ethereum network. Greenspan said that scepticism over these projects could be contributing to the price correction.

He added that many of these the people behind these ICOs could be trying to cash out of Ethereum, flooding the market with sell orders and thus depressing the price. (When a company raises money through an ICO, it generally raises either Ethereum or bitcoin, which then generally has to be converted into a currency like the US dollar or British Pound.)

"There have been some very large sell orders," Greenspan told BI. "I'm sure some of them have the finesse to spread out their orders but some people don't."

A large sell order was blamed for an Ethereum "flash crash" in late June, which saw the digital currency drop from around $300 to as little as 10 cents in a matter of minutes.

In his morning markets email, Greenspan said on Tuesday: "This is by now by far the largest pullback the cryptomarket has ever seen. If not by percentage than certainly by market cap.

"The total market cap of all (812) digital assets, as reported coinmarketcap.com has come from a peak of $116.5 Billion in mid-June all the way down to less than $78 Billion today."

Bitcoin is relatively stable on Tuesday morning, down 0.67% against the dollar to $2,328.97 at 8.57 a.m. BST (3.57 a.m. ET).

Ethereum was set up in 2014 by a group of programmers who wanted to tweak the system that runs bitcoin. Ethereum is an open source network that allows people to write "smart contracts" on it. Ethereum is powered by the cryptocurrency Ether, which is traded on the network and exchanged as a store of value.

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10 things you need to know in markets today

Business Insider, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

trader yawn

Good morning! Here's what you need to know in markets on Tuesday.

Swiss bank UBS is weighing up whether to move banking jobs in London to Frankfurt, Madrid or Amsterdam to cope with Britain's planned departure from the European Union, Chief Executive Sergio Ermotti said in an interview with CNBC. "I think Frankfurt is a location of choice. There are different, other locations that could come into consideration," Ermotti said in the interview broadcast on Monday. 

The major crypto-currencies are getting smoked in Asian trade today. Ethereum has lost as much as 8% and a short time ago had fallen below $200 for the first time since May. Meanwhile, Bitcoin was around 6.5% lower. It follows steep falls overnight, when Bitcoin crashed by 7% and Ethereum shed a whopping 13.53.%.

China's sovereign wealth fund China Investment Corp (CIC) on Tuesday reported a 1.88% rise in 2016 net profit, boosted by stronger return from its overseas portfolio. Profit rose to $75.3 billion, from $73.9 billion a year earlier, its annual report showed. Total investment income was $83 billion in 2016, compared with $76.7 billion in 2015.

Oil prices edged up early on Tuesday, lifted in part by a strong demand outlook for the coming weeks, but overall market conditions remain weak on the back of ample supplies and a more subdued outlook for long-term demand. Brent crude futures were at $47.01 per barrel as of 6.45 a.m. BST, up 13 cents, or 0.3%, from their last close.

Britons working in the "gig economy" for firms such as taxi app Uber and takeaway food courier Deliveroo deserve more rights, a government-commissioned report said on Tuesday. It added, however, that government should avoid adding to regulations.

U.S. President Donald Trump plans to nominate former Treasury official Randal Quarles to be the Federal Reserve's first vice chairman of supervision, the White House said on Monday. Quarles' nomination must be confirmed by the Senate.

An investor in Martin Shkreli's hedge fund testified on Monday that the former drug company executive, now on trial for securities fraud in federal court in New York, reminded him of Dustin Hoffman's autistic character in the movie "Rain Man." Schuyler Marshall, chairman of the board of the real estate company Rosewood Corp, said under cross-examination by Shkreli's lawyer, Benjamin Brafman, that he was not claiming Shkreli was autistic.

The CEO of defunct Mt. Gox pleaded not guilty on Tuesday to charges relating to the loss of hundreds of millions of dollars worth of bitcoins and cash from what was once the world's biggest bitcoin exchange, the Nikkei business daily reported. Mark Karpeles, a 32-year-old French national, filed the plea in response to charges of embezzlement and data manipulation at the Tokyo District Court, the Nikkei said.

Apple is planning to build another data centre in Denmark as it struggles to get a similar data centre in Ireland off the ground. The second Apple data centre in Denmark will cost the company $920 million (£815 million), according to local media reports. Construction is expected to start before the end of 2017. 

Total job vacancies grew in June as the number of available workers shrank due to EU citizens leaving the UK, according to Barclays analyst Paul Checketts and his team. That pushed up salaries in the UK at the sharpest rate of increase since November 2015, the bank said.

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An iOS app can help you create an ambient music masterpiece

Engadget, 1/1/0001 12:00 AM PST

Getting into electronic music is a breeze these days with all the great iOS apps out there. Ripplemaker, for example, is a fantastic modular synth app that even newbies can use, while veteran synthesizer manufacturers like Korg, Electro-Harmonics and...

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